Tag Archives: Water Regulations

New fertilizer law in Wisconsin

Beginning April 1, 2010 retailers will no longer be displaying lawn fertilizers containing phosphorus fertilizer in Wisconsin under a new law that is designed  “to provide protection to Wisconsin’s lakes, rivers, streams and other water resources from phosphorus run-off.”  Phosphorous-containing fertilizers will still be available to individuals establishing/renovating turfgrass areas who are able to demonstrate a phosphorous deficiency in the soil through a soil test report.

Fertilizer

It is interesting for me to follow these new developments.  Having lived in Wisconsin for nearly three years while working with the commercial horticulture industry in the Winnebago County  UW Extension office I had the opportunity to see the early stages of change that lead to this new law.  Comparing the changes that occurred in Wisconsin to the movement in Florida I see many similarities.  It will be interesting to see where the State of Florida is at in a couple years with regard to local/statewide laws controlling fertilization of turfgrass areas.

Pinellas County passes fertilizer ban

During my recent speaking engagements with industry I have been asking for a show of hands to see how many people are doing business in areas that are currently impacted by fertilizer restrictions of some sort.  Only 30 percent or so raised their hands.  My response was “Just wait.”

Pinellas County passed a ban on fertilizer applications during the “summer rainy season” which has been identified as anytime from the beginning of June through the end of September.

I have long been an advocate of responsible fertilizer application and would argue that you can not find a more environmentally responsible set of people than those that work in the landscape industry.  I respect the goal of ordinances like this, but feel that they missed the mark.  The ban effectively limits application of fertilizers to turf during the warmest months of the year – the time of year when the warm-season grasses are actively growing and need nutrition to produce a healthy stand of turfgrass.

Turfgrasses play a VERY important role in the landscape.  No, I am not talking about aesthetics.  Turf plays a critical role in the landscape by stabilizing slopes, preventing soil erosion, and providing an evaporative cooling effect that reduces the temperature of the surrounding environment.  There are no better plants in the landscape to prevent soil erosion than healthy grasses.  They have a dense, finely textured root system and a dense canopy, all characteristics that encourage water infiltration and limit runoff.

Some argue that native plants can do the same job without the need for fertilizers.  Unfortunately, the urban landscape is not a native landscape.  Every time a new neighborhood is planned, the first step is to come in with large equipment and remove all of the topsoil, which is often sold to the highest bidder.  After completing construction, the builders will grade the property, and if you are lucky, they will move in two to three inches of topsoil on top of the compacted subsoil and sand that surrounds the new homes.  It is no surprise that many plants that are native to Florida are not able to survive in the harsh soil environment that we have in urban areas.

If turfgrasses are NOT fertilized, they begin to decline in health.  The canopy density begins to thin out increasing the risk of soil erosion while also increasing weed pressure.  From the perspective of protecting the environment, this is not a good situation.  By not maintaining the health of the turf we have increased the risk of water pollution during rainfall/runoff events and have indirectly increased the potential use of herbicides which will be used to control the weeds which may have otherwise not been able to take hold in the dense, healthy stand of turf.

That brings us back to the ban which prevents the application of fertilizers to warm-season grasses during the summer.  As a result of the ban, fertilizers will have to be applied during the spring/fall/winter months.  The grasses will not be actively growing and will not have the same extensive root system that would be present during the summer.  This is going to increase the risk of nutrient leaching. If we simply managed the turf the way numerous researchers have suggested we would reduce the risk of runoff AND leaching.

You probably can guess that I do not agree with banning fertilizer applications on warm-season turfgrasses during the summer months.  The fact remains that much of the nutrient leaching and runoff pollution is thought to come from non-point sources.  This means that we do not know where exactly it is coming from, only that it is there.  I am not saying that fertilizer applications in the urban environment are never a problem.  Irresponsible applications are definitely a problem.  If you are applying fertilizer to the lawn, sidewalk, street, and driveway without cleaning it up, you should be banned from ever purchasing/applying another ounce of fertilizer.  If you have such a complete disregard for the environment you should not be allowed to manage any portion of the landscape, regardless of whether or not you own it.

Save some money and do something good for the environment

I find it hard to believe that it is less than a week away from Christmas.  Where has the year gone?

Well, while I probably lack the ability to explain why time flies by so quickly, I can offer some advice that might help you save some money this winter.

Face it.  This is December.  Day length is short and temperatures have cooled off.  This all leads to a reduction in the amount of water needed by our lawns and landscapes.  In fact, if you live north of Orlando there is a good chance that you can turn your irrigation off for the next two to three months.  That’s right, turn it off.

The cool temperatures that we have right now will force our lawns into winter dormancy.  The turfgrass plants have been working hard all summer and deserve some time off.  How do you know if your lawn is dormant?  If the majority of the canopy has turned to a straw color the grass is in a state of dormancy and as a result, it does not require irrigation for survival.

Not only will shutting your irrigation of reduce the amount of water used on your monthly bill, it might pay dividends throughout the year.  You see, some utilities use your water consumption during the winter months to determine your wastewater charges for the remainder of the year.  Reducing your use now will save you money all year long!

Curious to learn more about irrigation requirements throughout Florida?  Check out the Florida Automated Weather Network (FAWN) website for a variety of cool tools.  One that I think you will find valuable is the “Urban Irrigation Scheduler” which will provide guidance regarding the proper run times for various irrigation zones in your landscape.  Research has shown that many homeowners over irrigate their lawns.  Don’t be one of them!

Water Management District Adds Teeth to Watering Restrictions

Watering restrictions are not new to anyone living in Florida.  Particularly along the western coastline.  Earning much attention from the media due to the concern surrounding the potential damage that might result to lawns along with the argument that lawns irrigation uses too much of our fresh water supply.

It was common to hear through the grapevine that people would frequently violate the watering restrictions based on the low risk of being caught.  The system relied on violators being turned in by neighbors or others passing by since there were not enough staff members to canvas the streets looking for the errant irrigation sprinkler.  That is not the case any longer.

I came across an article in the Ocala newspaper that details plans by the St. Johns River Water Management District to hire a private company who will be responsible for monitoring a large portion of the district.  It will be interesting to watch/listen to this develop as I have a feeling that many people have been ignoring the rules for one reason or another.  That may not be safe to do from this point forward.

Changes to fertilizer ordinance in Pinellas County

I came across an article in a recent email that details changes in a fertilizer ban currently in place in Pinellas County.  The article is an interesting read by itself when you consider the fact that very little effort is put into substantiating claims being made by certain environmental groups related to fertilizer use in the landscape.  The part that really caught my attention was the long list of comments left by people from the community that can be found at the bottom of the page.  Growing up in Idaho I know how important water availability and water quality can be and how easily the discussion can become heated.  It would be nice if people (reporters, general public, policy makers, etc) would be willing to make an effort to understand the research, both past and present, explaining nutrient uptake and fate in the urban landscape.  If they would, they would see that things like summer black-out periods for fertilization are not based on sound science and as such, are not good decisions for the environment.